Article Title



M. Harrison, C. Ballard, E. Cheatham, K. Gardner, G. Barfield, P.L. Crosswhite

Gonzaga University, Spokane WA

PURPOSE: With the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many courses traditionally taught in-person have moved to an online platform in a fully virtual setting. While online courses appear to have many benefits, many questions remain as to how well students perform online compared to in-person. Moreover, there is little specific information on how learning anatomy and physiology (A&P) virtually compares to traditional in-person classes. METHODS: Fifteen students from the fall 2019 in-person A&P cohort and 24 students from the fall 2020 online A&P cohort were included in the study. Each of these students took the course as sophomores for the first time and were enrolled in the School of Nursing and Human Physiology at Gonzaga University. Each student was asked to complete a survey categorizing their overall perception of education as well as self-reported GPA. Exam grades and GPA’s were used to analyze across sections. IBM SPSS version 27.0 was used to perform t-test, one way ANOVA, regression, bivariate correlation and overall descriptive statistics. Each test was performed against gender as well as in person and online instruction. RESULTS: Data collection was completed in January 2021 and therefore analysis is currently on-going and preliminary results will be presented. Potential implications of this study could inform A&P instructors of how student learning is potentially impacted when courses shift online.

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