Burket, J., Eubank, T., Reed, C., Sanders, J. Shippensburg University, Shippensburg, PA

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether music tempo affects squat performance. Methods: A total of eleven healthy college aged subjects (Age range: 18 ~ 22 yrs, Weight: 81.4±12.0 kg, Height: 1.7±0.1 m) volunteered in the study and eight subjects (one female and seven males) completed the study. After obtaining baseline measures, subjects performed heavy barbell squat exercise under three conditions. The three conditions were to perform the squat exercise with load equal to 60% of their body weight until failure while listening to fast tempo (200 bpm), slow tempo (60 bpm) and no music. The order of the trial was randomized and each trial was separated by a minimum of 7 days. Using descriptive statistics and one-way analysis of variance, data were analyzed to compare the difference in performance under three conditions. Results: Compared to fast music and no music condition, subjects performed more repetition of squat under slow music condition (34.8±29.6 vs. 33.5±22.7 vs. 35.1± 37.0 reps). However, the difference was not significant (p>0.05). Although not significant, subjects reported higher rate of perceived exertion (RPE) under slow music condition while exercise heart rate and systolic blood pressure were reported to be lower with slow music condition. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that music tempo has no significant influence on heavy squat exercise performance or cardiovascular measures during exercise. Future studies are needed to further examine possible effect of music tempo when using a larger variation.



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