Publication Date

Summer 2021

Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Dr. Frederick Grieve (Director), Dr. Thomas Gross (Director), and Dr. Sally Kuhlenschmidt (Advisor)

Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Master of Arts


Conduct disorders are one of the most prevalent youth diagnoses, with potentially long-lasting effects. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is characterized by defiance and negative emotionality, whereas Conduct Disorder (CD) is characterized by aggression, rule breaking, and confrontational and illegal behaviors, among others. Two identified types of CD are child-onset or adolescent-onset, with child-onset type having the more chronic prognosis due to a higher likelihood of committing violent crimes later in life. While prevention is one of the best methods against ODD and CD, treatment options are available. This review examines four evidence-based treatments: Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), Multisystemic Therapy (MST), Problem-Solving Skills Training (PSST), and Parent Management Training (PMT). Articles included in this analysis were literature review articles and randomized control trials. Research has shown that all four interventions are efficacious in the treatment of ODD and CD, with PCIT being more effective for ODD than MST, PSST, and PMT. While each method was found to be effective, more research is needed to measure long-term treatment outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and overall treatment efficacy.


Applied Behavior Analysis | Child Psychology | Clinical Psychology