Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Frederick Grieve, Sally Kuhlenschmidt

Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Master of Arts


This systematic review sought to identify factors that are associated with men who experience anorexia or bulimia nervosa or symptoms of these disorders. Articles were included in this review if they were peer reviewed, published in or translated to English, published from 2010 to 2021, had full text accessible, included male participants, and included male participants diagnosed with anorexia and/or bulimia nervosa or who displayed symptoms of anorexia and/or bulimia nervosa. Articles were excluded if they did not meet the inclusion criteria, were a case study, interview, or literature review, or focused on a topic outside of the outcomes of interest. The following EBSCOhost databases were last searched on January 9th, 2022, to find articles: Academic Search Complete, APA PsycArticles, APA PsycInfo, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, MasterFILE Premier, MEDLINE, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Social Sciences Full Text (H.W. Wilson), and Sociological Collection. A total of 26 studies were included in this review. The following categories were found to be associated with eating disorders in men: body dissatisfaction, environmental factors, psychological factors, and demographic factors. More specifically, dissatisfaction with muscularity and body fat, relationships with family, peers, and romantic/sexual partners, media, sport participation, psychiatric comorbidities, emotional factors, personality traits, body mass index, age, race, spirituality, and sexuality were found to be associated with eating disorders for men. Limitations included the lack of studies involving men with a diagnosis, specifically anorexia nervosa, and many included studies not using a diverse range of ages and races in their samples. The results of this review should be considered in assessment, diagnostic, and treatment areas for men with eating disorders.


Clinical Psychology | Health Psychology | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences