Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Cathleen Webb (Director), Bangbo Yan, Michael May

Degree Program

Department of Chemistry

Degree Type

Master of Science


Kyrock is a coarse grained sandstone with a complex mixture of organic and inorganic compounds. Mining of Kyrock is for use in road construction and roofing. Kyrock samples were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy to obtain elemental analysis. High levels of carbon indicate the presence of organic compounds. Analysis of an acid digestion of the samples using inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy showed inorganic compounds such as titanium oxide, vanadium oxide along with traces of arsenic. Elemental analysis of samples indicates a percent of carbon, and sulfur with no notable traces of nitrogen. Pyrolysis of the samples was done using gas chromatography mass spectroscopy with a gradual increase in temperature to 160o C resulted in the release of inorganic and organic compounds. Synthetic rainwater was prepared to examine the leaching of compounds and the leachate was analyzed using liquid chromatography mass spectroscopy and gas chromatography mass spectroscopy.


Chemistry | Geology | Inorganic Chemistry | Organic Chemistry