Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Muhammad Jahan (Director), Mark Doggett, Bryan Reaka

Degree Program

Department of Architectural and Manufacturing Sciences

Degree Type

Master of Science


The purpose of this research was to investigate the surface modifications that take place during the machining of NiTi SMA and Ti-6Al-4V with micro-EDM. This was done by creating an array of blind holes and micro-patterns on both work-pieces. To analyze the machined surface and investigate the results, scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X- ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques were employed. In addition, the effects of various operating parameters on the machining performance was studied to identify the optimum parameters for micro-EDM of NiTi SMA and Ti-6Al-4V. Recently, aerospace and biomedical industries have placed a high demand on nonconventional machining processes, which can be used to machine high strength and hardto- cut materials such as Titanium alloys, Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) and Super Alloys. Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) is one of the non-traditional technologies that remove materials from the workpiece through a series of electrical sparks that occur between the workpiece and cutting tool with the presence of dielectric liquid. Obtaining smooth and defect-free surfaces on both workpieces was one of the challenges due to the re-solidified debris on the machined surface. The experimental results showed that there was significant amount of re-casting and formation of resolidification of debris on the Ti surface after machining. On the other hand, the surface generated in NiTi SMA were comparatively smoother with lesser amount of resolidified debris on the surface. By analyzing the results from XRD and EDS, some elements of electrode and dielectric materials such as Tungsten, Carbon and Oxygen were observed on NiTi and Ti surface after machining. In the study of effect of operating parameters, it was found that the voltage, capacitance and tool rotational speed had significant effect on machining time. The machining time was reduced by increasing the voltage, capacitance and tool rotational speed. The machining time was found to be comparatively higher for machining NiTi SMA than Ti alloy. Comparing all the parameters, the voltage of 60 V, capacitance of 1000 PF, and tool rotational speed of 3500 RPM were selected as optimum parameters for this study. Although signs of tool electrode wear and debris particles on the machined surface were observed for both workpieces during the micro-EDM process, Ti alloy and NiTi SMA could be machined successfully using the micro-EDM process.


Aerospace Engineering | Structures and Materials