Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Qin Zhao (Director), Jenni Redifer, and Andrew Mienaltowski

Degree Program

Department of Psychological Sciences

Degree Type

Master of Science


The present study investigated the effect of anticipated feedback proximity (immediately after completing the task or one week later) on performance and the moderating role of self-efficacy and task types (analytical or creative). I hypothesized that expecting rapid feedback should yield better performance than expecting delayed feedback, for people with high self-efficacy or those who receive analytical tasks. For those who receive creative tasks or have low self-efficacy, expecting rapid feedback may produce negative impact on performance. The results indicated a trend of main effect of anticipated feedback proximity. Specifically, participants performed better when they expected immediate feedback relative to expecting delayed feedback, regardless of the task type. There was also a main effect of task type. Performance on the analytical tasks was better than performance on the creative tasks. However, neither self-efficacy nor task type moderated the effects of anticipated feedback proximity. The implications for these findings are discussed herein.


Experimental Analysis of Behavior | Psychology