Publication Date

Spring 2016

Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Elizabeth Lemerise (Director), Carl Myers, and Diane Lickenbrock

Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Specialist in Education


Children from a low socioeconomic status (SES) home environment are typically exposed to less vocabulary during the first few years of life and experience higher rates of poor school readiness, particularly in emergent literacy skills, when compared to middle-class peers (Bowey, 1995; Hart & Risley, 2003; Whitehurst, 1997). Early childhood education programs designed to expose this group to cognitively challenging utterances have found that low SES children tend to make greater gains in vocabulary development compared to middle-class peers (Justice, Meier, & Walpole, 2005).


Child Psychology | Educational Psychology | First and Second Language Acquisition