Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Burch Oglesby, Shirley Laney, Leroy Metze, Edward Harris

Degree Program

Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport

Degree Type

Master of Arts


Students enrolled in two beginning bowling classes received the same basic instruction on bowling techniques, but practiced under two different levels of precision of knowledge of results (KOR). The experimental group practiced by rolling at a full set of ten bowling pins with each ball (precise KOR). The control group practiced by shadow bowling (general KOR). There were no significant differences between groups in the effects of the two practice conditions upon the acquisition skills. There were no significant groups by tests interaction either. There was, however, a significant trials effect across groups. It was concluded that although both practice conditions resulted in skill acquisition, neither level of precision of knowledge of results was superior to the other.


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