Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Dr. Anthony R. Paquin (Director), Dr. Jaqueline Pope-Tarrence, Dr. Molly Kerby

Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Master of Arts


All studies to date that have assessed the direct impact of benevolent vs. hostile sexism on performance outcomes have done so in the context of a Western society. Because of this void in the literature, it remained unknown how living in a low egalitarian and/or non-Western society may impact women's experiences of sexism. The purpose of this study is to address this gap in the literature. This study investigates the impact of benevolent vs. hostile sexism on women in four Turkish textile factories. 210 Turkish female textile factory workers were randomly assigned to the benevolent sexism, hostile sexism, or control condition. Performance and level of gender identification were measured. The results of this study indicated that while participants were impacted by sexism, the impact of benevolent vs. hostile sexism resulted in different outcomes than for women in higher egalitarian Western Societies.


Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Labor Relations | Other Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies