Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Fred Stickle, Vernon Sheeley, Aaron Hughey

Degree Program

Department of Counseling and Student Affairs

Degree Type

Education Specialist


This project was designed to determine if significant differences existed between the level of psychological differentiation, as determined by the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT), of individuals entering a treatment center for chemical dependency and the length of stay at the facility.

The subjects consisted of 43 white males who were seeking treatment for addiction to mood altering chemicals at a regional treatment facility in Bowling Green, Kentucky. Each subject was interviewed to collect pertinent background information pertaining to past substance abuse and was evaluated to determine psychological differentiation, utilizing the GEFT.

It was determined through an analysis of variance that significant differences did not exist between individuals classified as Field Dependent or Field Independent, relative to length of stay. A post hoc analysis determined that significant differences did exist between those individuals who were categorized as Unclassified (not consistently Field Dependent or consistently Field Independent) and those categorized as Field Dependent and Field Independent.


Education | Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental and Social Health | Public Health | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Student Counseling and Personnel Services | Substance Abuse and Addiction