Publication Date

Spring 2018

Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Dr. Rui Zhang (Director), Dr. Edwin Stevens, Dr. Lawrence Hill

Degree Program

Department of Chemistry

Degree Type

Master of Science


Highly reactive iron-oxo intermediates play important roles as active oxidants in enzymatic and synthetic catalytic oxidation. Many transition metal catalysts are designed for biomimetic studies of the predominant oxidation catalysts in Nature, namely cytochrome P450 enzymes. In this work, a series of iron(IV)-oxo porphyrins [FeIV(Por)O] and manganese(IV)-oxo porphyrins [MnIV(Por)O] have been successfully produced in two electron-deficient ligands by photochemical and chemical methods, and spectroscopically characterized by UV-vis, and 1H-NMR.

With iodobenzene diacetate [PhI(OAc)2] as the oxygen source, iron(III) porphyrin and manganese(III) porphyrin complexes converted to the corresponding metal(IV)-oxo species as oxygen atom transfer (OAT) agents. In addition, a new photochemical method was developed to generate the same species by visible light irradiation of highly photo-labile porphyrin-iron(III) bromate or porphyrin-manganese(III) chlorate precursors. Furthermore, the kinetics of oxygen transfer atom reactions with alkene, active hydrocarbons and aryl sulfides by photo-generated and chemical-generated [FeIV(Por)O]were studied in CH3CN solutions. Apparent second-order rate constants determined under pseudo-first-order conditions for sulfide oxidation reactions are (9.8 ± 0.1) × 102 − (3.7 ± 0.3) × 101 M-1s-1, which are 3 to 4 orders of magnitude greater in comparison with those of alkene epoxidations and activated C-H bond oxidations by the same oxo species.


Microbiology | Organismal Biological Physiology