Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Burch Oglesby, Gary Ellis, William Kummer, Charles Crume, Robert Cobb

Degree Program

Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport

Degree Type

Master of Science


This study was conducted to examine the effects of internal imagery and experiential state on the performance of intercollegiate smallbore rifle shooters. An interaction between internal imagery and experiential state was hypothesized. Subjects included 43 smallbore rifle shooters from 7 universities stratified into 2 groups. Group 1, composed of 23 shooters, received internal imagery instructions and practice time; group 2 received unrelated instructions and an equal amount of practice time. Following the instructional period, a posttest was administered to each group (the NRA/ISU Style 1/2 course on an indoor 50 foot range) and each shooter completed an experiential state measure. Analysis of Variance with repeated measures was utilized to examine Pretest to Posttest score differences. An Alpha level of .05 was chosen as the measure of significance.

Results of this study produced no evidence that internal imagery had a significant effect on shooters' composite performance scores. However, the control group's score was significantly lower than that of the imagery group on posttest prone performance. No significant differences were found in the experiential state scores of those shooters who utilized internal imagery as opposed to those shooters who did not. No significant differences were found between scores of shooters classified into a high experiential state group and those classified into a low experiential state group. No significant interactions were evident between internal imagery and experiential state as measured by posttest composite performance scores.


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