Natalie Eastman

Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Elizabeth Erffmeyer, Raymond Mendell, Robert Erffmeyer


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Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Master of Arts


This study is a replication of two earlier studies (Carroll, Paine, and Ivancevich, 1972; Neider 1981) assessing training practitioners' expert opinions of the effectiveness of various training methods in attaining training objectives. A questionnaire was developed to assess the effectiveness of ten training methods (i.e., Programmed Instruction, Computer Assisted Instruction, Lecture with questions, Movie Films, TV Lecture, Sensitivity Training (T-group), Conference (discussion), Case Study, Role Playing, and Simulation-Games) for attaining six training objectives (i.e., Knowledge Acquisition, Changing Attitudes, Problem Solving Skills, Interpersonal Skills, Participant Acceptance, and Knowledge Retention). The questionnaire was mailed to 500 selected American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) members. A 57% response rate was obtained. The questionnaire data are summarized and reported in four ways: (a) the mean effectiveness ratings and rankings of each method for attaining each training objective, (b) significant differences among methods for attaining each training objective, (c) a comparison of these results with empirical findings reported in the literature, and (d) a comparison of results from this study with the findings of the two previous studies of practitioners' opinions. Implications regarding the effectiveness of training methods for training practitioners are discussed.


Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences