Kay Harrison

Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

William Kummer, Elmer Gray, Alton Little


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Original department Physical Education & Recreation

Degree Program

Department of Kinesiology, Recreation and Sport

Degree Type

Master of Science


There was a need to determine the effectiveness of the standardized Special Olympics training manuals in serving the coaches and participants. A survey was administered to selected coaches who represented the various demographic areas of Kentucky. Three sports were also selected for an overall representation of the Special Olympics sports. The three sports selected were track and field, the most established sport; basketball, a team sport; and gymnastics, the newest sport. Another supplementary questionnaire was administered to all known Kentucky Special Olympics coaches of all the Special Olympics sports. The first survey included specific questions about the manuals, and the supplementary questionnaire basically ascertained manual ownership and usage. The survey was checked for reliability and validity by ten state Special Olympics Chapter Directors and Tom Songster, the National Special Olympics Director of Sports and Recreation. These individuals reviewed the questionnaire and assured the researcher the questionnaire was appropriate. The initial survey results indicated overall satisfaction with the manual for track and field. However, the results indicated less satisfaction with the manual for gymnastics and basketball. In those sports the manual would be difficult for a novice coach to utilize. The supplementary questionnaire respondents indicated that the manuals would be adequate with some revisions and that most coaches would use the manuals if available.


Education | Health and Physical Education | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Special Education and Teaching | Sports Studies