Advisor(s) - Committee Chair
Elizabeth Erffmeyer, William Pfohl, John O'Connor
Department of Psychology
Master of Arts
The present study addressed whether “stressed” individuals perceive job characteristics (i.e., skill variety, task identify, task significance, autonomy and feedback) differently than do “not-stressed” individuals. In a laboratory experiment, undergraduate college students enrolled in psychology classes were randomly assigned to role-play a stressed or not-stressed door-to-door book salesperson. As hypothesized, subjects in the stressed condition described the job as having less skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feedback than did subjects in the not-stressed condition. Thus, results indicate that level of stress, a personal characteristic variable, affects perceptions of job characteristics. In addition, the stressed group perceived the job as less meaningful, having less responsibility for work outcomes, and providing less knowledge of results of work activities. Finally, the stressed group considered the job as less motivating than did the not-stressed group. These results contribute to a currently expanding area of research examining the relationship between aspects of job characteristics theory and stress. The implication of these findings for the workplace as well as limitations of the study are discussed.
Business | Human Resources Management | Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Performance Management | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Kirkman, Mary, "Effects of Stress on Perceptions of Job Characteristics" (1988). Masters Theses & Specialist Projects. Paper 3301.