Effect of a Summer Camp on the Self-Concept & Wilderness Anxiety of Fifth & Sixth Grade Campers
Advisor(s) - Committee Chair
D.C. Dinkmeyer, Fred Stickle, Charles Crume
The problem statement for this study was: “Will a one week Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources camping experience result in a significant difference in the mean pre-test and post-test self-concept and wilderness anxiety scores of fifth and sixth grade students at Camp Currie as measured by the Willoughby Schedule and the Crume/Ellis Wilderness Anxiety Scales?”
The purpose of the main study was to investigate the effects of a one week Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources (KDFWR) camping experience on the pre-test and post-test self-concept and wilderness anxiety scores of fifth and sixth grade participants. This was a replication of a study conducted at Camp Earl Wallace in 1990 by Charles T. Crume and G. Mac Lang for the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.
There would seem a need for this study since many reports related to outdoor activities in cognitive change are based upon subjective opinion or personal observation. Many reports offer little empirical evidence of such change.
Data related to self-concept and wilderness anxiety among male and female fifth and sixth grade students attending a one week Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources summer camp were collected during the summer of 1991. Randomly selected pretest and post-test groups completed Willoughby Schedule (self-concept scale) and Crume/Ellis Wilderness Anxiety Scale instruments. The study Included randomized sample sizes of: Female pre-test, (N = 188); post-test, (N = 177); Male pre-test, (N = 200); post-test, (N = 189); Male Plus Female pre-test, (N = 388); post-test, (N = 366). Analysis of Willoughby Schedule data produced significant pre-test/ post-test score differences (.001) for males. (.766) females, and (.129) for the male plus female group. Pre-test/post-test differences were significant (.05 or greater) in five of the seven categories and (.004) on total wilderness anxiety for male groups, (.05 or greater) in two of seven categories and no significance on total anxiety for female groups, and (.05 or greater) in five of seven categories and (.001) on total anxiety for male plus female groups. All pre-test/post-test differences were positive, with the exception of two categories on the wilderness anxiety instrument which were negative but not at a significant level.
Child Psychology | Education | Outdoor Education | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Melky, Mazen, "Effect of a Summer Camp on the Self-Concept & Wilderness Anxiety of Fifth & Sixth Grade Campers" (1992). Masters Theses & Specialist Projects. Paper 3323.
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