Publication Date

Spring 2022

Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Reagan Brown (Director), Katrina Burch, Aaron Wichman

Degree Program

Department of Psychological Sciences

Degree Type

Master of Science


The purpose of this study is to examine the if the standard error of estimate (SEE) is more effective than the standard error of measurement (SEM) when used in the construction of use the standard error of the difference (SED)-based bandwidths. It was hypothesized that the standard error of estimate would be a more effective equation to use than the standard error or measurement because it allows for the estimation of a range of true scores around an observed score instead of the opposite scenario. To examine the effectiveness of the equations, a Monte Carlo analysis was employed to determine the effectiveness of the bandwidths at capturing score differences. Results indicate that the SEE-based bandwidth led to an accurate as well as a more efficient bandwidth than the SEM-based bandwidth.


Industrial and Organizational Psychology