Publication Date


Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Master of Industrial/Organizational Psychology


The goal of the present research was to discover if employees in low-status social groups (i.e., women, people of color, sexual minorities, and non-Christians) experience more incivility in the workplace compared to their high-status counterparts. Data come from four different samples of working adults: employees from a property management company (N = 90), employees of a northwestern university (N = 1,843), a national sample of law school faculty (N = 1,256), and employed students from a southern university (N = 243). Participants in all studies completed measures of demographics and personal experiences of incivility at work. A series of t-tests revealed that gender and sexual orientation are most related to experiences of incivility.


Industrial and Organizational Psychology | Psychology