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Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts must be submitted in .doc or .docx format. While the Journal is international in nature, only submissions in English will be reviewable. If accepted, a copy of the revised manuscript in another language may be published as an addendum along with the English version; however page numbers will not be assigned to this addendum.

All portions of the manuscript must have line numbers and be double spaced. Also, please include the following in order:

1. Title Page
Title – should appropriately and concisely describe the overall study. Consider a title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.
Authors’ names and current institutional affiliations
Name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed
Disclaimers, if any
Corresponding author information – name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address
Source(s) of support in terms of grants, equipment, etc.
Running head that is no more than 40 characters including letters and spaced
2. Conflict of Interest Notification Page
Inappropriate influences from financial or personal relationships constitute a conflict of interest. Authors desiring to submit a manuscript to be considered for review in the Journal must disclose all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
3. Abstract and Key Words
An abstract that accurately reflects the content of the study should be provided. The context of the study should be presented with a statement of the purpose of the study, basic procedures, main findings, and principal conclusions. The abstract should be limited to 250 words. In a separate line, 3 – 10 key words or short phrases that are not found in the title or abstract should be included to assist indexers in cross-indexing the article.
4. Introduction
This section explains the context or background for the study. While a review of literature is not appropriate here, enough detail must be provided for readers to understand the reason for conducting the experimentation. Include a statement of purpose or statement of hypothesis.
5. Methods
This section details the protocol used to collect study data. At a minimum, the Methods section should include the following subheadings:
Participants – provide a description of inclusion and exclusion criteria used with participants. Study participants have a right to privacy that should not be violated without informed consent. Experiments involving the use of human participants must follow procedures in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration. Experimentation involving the use of animals must indicate the guide for care and use that was followed.
Protocol – this section should include the methodology, equipment or apparatus (provide manufacturer name and address in parentheses), and procedures in adequate detail to allow other investigators to replicate the results.
Statistical Analysis – statistical methods should be described in enough detail to allow a knowledgeable reader with access the original data to verify the reported results. Include the computer software used, and the alpha-level used for the determination of significance.
6. Results
The results should be reported in a logical sequence, giving the main findings first. The use of descriptive text, tables, and figures should be unique and not repeat information. Tables and figures should be restricted to those needed to explain the argument of the paper. Graphs should be used as an alternative to tables with many entries.
7. Discussion
This section emphasizes new and important aspects generated from the study. Do not simply repeat information previously given in the Introduction and/or the Results sections. It may be helpful to begin the Discussion with a summary of the main findings of the study, and then suggest potential mechanisms or explanations, compare and/or contrast the results with previous research, and provide the implications of the findings for future research. Be careful not to make unqualified statements that are not adequately supported by the study data.
8. References
Readers should be provided with primary references to original research. Avoid using review articles, abstracts, and “personal communication” as references. In text citations should be identified by Arabic numerals in parentheses. References should be numbered and listed alphabetically. Journal titles should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus.
Lyons S, Richardson M, Bishop P, Smith J, Giesen J. Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in untrained males: effects of intermittent durations of arm ergometry. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 31(3): 196-201, 2006.
McFarlin BK, Mitchell JB. Exercise in hot and cold environments: Differential effects on leukocyte number and NK cell activity. Aviat Space Environ Med 74: 1231-1236, 2003.
9.Tables and Figures
Include tables and figures in appropriate places within the body of the text (do not list each separately at the end of the manuscript). Each table and figure must be cited in the text. Number tables consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Provide a brief but descriptive title at the top of each table, and explanatory footnotes at the bottom for all nonstandard abbreviations. Figures should be included in a common electronic format (JPEG or GIF, for example). Number figures consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Provide a descriptive figure caption at the bottom of each figure. Since the primary form of the Journal exists in an on-line format, it is highly recommended that color be incorporated into tables and graphs, and color photographs included when appropriate.

Review Articles

Review articles will be solicited and are accepted by invitation only. While review articles do not require Methods and Results sections, appropriate subheadings within the manuscript text should be included. All other formatting as previously detailed above should be adhered to when submitting a review article for consideration. In addition, it is recommended that a summary table of articles reviewed be included within the manuscript.

Technical Notes

Technical Notes are accepted for consideration by the Journal, and must follow the same formatting guidelines as manuscripts submitted as Original Research. However, any manuscript submitted as a "Technical Note" must be research focused on a new or novel piece of equipment with limited or no previously published literature, or on a new or novel methodology or research/exercise technique with limited or no previously published literature, or on a novel or narrowly defined research sample with little or no previously published literature. Recognition, and subsequent review, as a Technical Note (rather than as an Original Research manuscript) will be determined ultimately by the Editors-in-Chief. All manuscripts accepted for review as Technical Notes will be reviewed by two members of the Editorial Board.

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Authors must guarantee that submitted manuscripts have not been published elsewhere, are not currently under review elsewhere, and has been submitted with the full knowledge of their institutional home.

Please note that ALL manuscripts are reviewed for originality using the latest, most up-to-date Turnitin software, prior to being assigned for peer-review. Any manuscript not meeting originality requirements will be rejected without peer-review.

All manuscripts will be reviewed based on intellectual content without regard for age, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, country of origin, or political philosophy of the authors.

All manuscripts submitted for peer-review are kept strictly confidential by editors and reviewers. At no time will editors or reviewers utilize submitted materials without the written consent of the authors.