Manuscript Preparation

At the beginning of your manuscript the journal requires the addition of the checklist that can be (found here). This checklist should be opened using a PDF viewer to make required edits. When completing the checklist, please include the line numbers within the manuscript where each item can be found (for the applicable items). Manuscripts that do not include the checklist will be unsubmitted. Additionally, manuscripts that do not contain all items required by the checklist will be unsubmitted. Authors will be encouraged to resubmit manuscripts.

Submission Information

In this journal, we encourage contributors to engage in open and diverse discourse with minimal formatting guidelines at the time of submission, allowing for a free-flowing exchange of ideas and insights. Your submissions should include a title page, in-text citations, and a reference list, adhering to the established academic citation style described later on this page.

On the title page, we require authors to reflect their academic status using the following indicators:

  • * Denotes undergraduate student author.

  • † Denotes graduate student author.

  • ‡ Denotes professional author.

Photo of Title Page with authors' designations
While the Journal is international in nature, only submissions in English will be reviewable. If accepted, a copy of the revised manuscript in another language may be published as an addendum along with the English version; however page numbers will not be assigned to this addendum.

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Citation Managers

We have found the following citation managers available for use online. However, the editors did not create these resources so their use should be cautiously implemented.

  • To format your manuscript with EndNote Click Here
  • To format your manuscript with Zotero Click Here and search for International Journal of Exercise Science to locate the style and add it to your account.
  • All portions of the manuscript should be single spaced. Also, please include the following in order:

    1. Title

    Title – should appropriately and concisely describe the overall study. Consider a title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.
    Authors’ names and current institutional affiliations. Undergraduate students should be denoted with the “*” symbol, graduate students denoted with the “†” symbol, and professionals denoted with the “‡” symbol when submitting manuscripts.
    Name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed.

    2. Abstract and Key Words

    An abstract that accurately reflects the content of the study should be provided. The context of the study should be presented with a statement of the purpose of the study, basic procedures, main findings, and principal conclusions. The abstract should be limited to 250 words. In a separate line, 3 – 10 key words or short phrases that are not found in the title or abstract should be included to assist indexers in cross-indexing the article.

    3. Introduction

    This section explains the context or background for the study. While a review of literature is not appropriate here, enough detail must be provided for readers to understand the reason for conducting the experimentation. Include a statement of purpose or statement of hypothesis.

    4. Methods

    This section details the protocol used to collect study data. The Methods section should include only the following subheadings:
    • Participants:
      1. Provide a description of inclusion and exclusion criteria used with participants. Study participants have a right to privacy that should not be violated without informed consent. Experiments involving the use of human participants must follow procedures in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration. Experimentation involving the use of animals must indicate the guide for care and use that was followed.
      2. The editors will look for either an (1) a priori power analysis or (2) a scientific rationale for the number of participants tested that is accompanied by a rationale for why a power analysis could not be conducted. If you have any questions regarding this requirement, please reference the editorial published in volume 13(1) 1-5. Power analysis should be accompanied by a citation that justifies the numbers included in the evaluation.
      3. Each author must agree that they have conformed to the ethical standards contained in the publication "Ethical Issues Relating to Scientific Discovery in Exercise Science." To acknowledge this, it is required that the work is referred to in this section using the statement "This research was carried out fully in accordance to the ethical standards of the International Journal of Exercise Science" along with the following reference: Navalta JW, Stone WJ, Lyons TS. Ethical Issues Relating to Scientific Discovery in Exercise Science. Int J Exerc Sci 12(1): 1-8, 2019.
    • Protocol:
      1. This section should include the methodology, equipment or apparatus (provide manufacturer name and address in parentheses), and procedures in adequate detail to allow other investigators to replicate the results.
    • Statistical Analysis:
      1. Statistical methods should be described in enough detail to allow a knowledgeable reader with access the original data to verify the reported results. Include the computer software used and the alpha-level used for the determination of significance. Also include an interpretation of effect size or secondary measure accompanying reported results.

      5. Results

      The results should be reported in a logical sequence, giving the main findings first. The use of descriptive text, tables, and figures should be unique and not repeat information. Tables and figures should be restricted to those needed to explain the argument of the paper. Graphs should be used as an alternative to tables with many entries.

      6. Discussion

      This section emphasizes new and important aspects generated from the study. Do not simply repeat information previously given in the Introduction and/or the Results sections. It may be helpful to begin the Discussion with a summary of the main findings of the study, and then suggest potential mechanisms or explanations, compare and/or contrast the results with previous research, and provide the implications of the findings for future research. Be careful not to make unqualified statements that are not adequately supported by the study data.

      7. Acknowledgements

      Include funding sources or sources of support, disclaimers, or contributions that do not warrant authorship.

      8. References

      Readers should be provided with primary references to original research. Avoid using review articles, abstracts, and “personal communication” as references. In text citations should be identified by Arabic numerals in parentheses. References should be numbered and listed alphabetically. Journal titles should be abbreviated in the style used in Index Medicus.

      • Lyons S, Richardson M, Bishop P, Smith J, Giesen J. Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in untrained males: effects of intermittent durations of arm ergometry. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 31(3): 196-201, 2006.
      • McFarlin BK, Mitchell JB. Exercise in hot and cold environments: Differential effects on leukocyte number and NK cell activity. Aviat Space Environ Med 74: 1231-1236, 2003.

      Books and websites are discouraged as primary references. However, if absolutely necessary, here is the format for each:

      • Prestes J, Foschini D, Marchetti P, Charro M. Prescription and periodization of strength training. Tamboré: Manole Publisher; 2010.
      • Kenney WL, Wilmore JH, Costill DL. Physiology of sport and exercise. 6th ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2015.
      • Government of Canada. Physical activity during leisure time, 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2013001/article/11843-eng.htm; 2013.
      • World Health Organization. Physical activity. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs385/en/; 2018.
      Helpful tip regarding references
      An easy way to locate the reference information for most references (specifically, research articles), including the Index Medicus abbreviations for journal titles, is to copy/paste each article title into Google. If the article was published in a journal indexed by PubMed, the link to the abstract in PubMed will almost always be the first or second search result listed. The reference information will be at the top near the left side of the screen Simply put the reference in our format and add it to your list. If an article was published in a journal not indexed by PubMed, you will have to do a bit more digging. ResearchGate comes in handy in these situations.

    • To format your manuscript with EndNote Click Here
    • To format your manuscript with Zotero Click Here and search for International Journal of Exercise Science to locate the style and add it to your account.
    • 9. Tables and Figures

      • Include tables and figures in appropriate places within the body of the text (do not list each separately at the end of the manuscript). Each table and figure must be cited in the text. Number tables consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Provide a brief but descriptive title at the top of each table, and explanatory footnotes at the bottom for all nonstandard abbreviations. Tables must be presented in portrait mode only and be configured so that it does not span more that one page. Tables with excessive content must be broken into to smaller quantities or non-essential data should be removed.
      • Figures should be included in a common electronic format (JPEG or GIF, for example). Number figures consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Provide a descriptive figure caption at the bottom of each figure.
      • Since the primary form of the Journal exists in an on-line format, it is highly recommended that color be incorporated into tables and graphs, and color photographs included when appropriate.

      10. Conflict of Interest Notification

      Inappropriate influences from financial or personal relationships constitute a conflict of interest. Authors desiring to submit a manuscript to be considered for review in the Journal must disclose all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest in their cover letter.