Our purpose was to determine the relationship of anthropometric and physiological variables with 1000m flat-water kayak (K1000) performance. A secondary purpose was to determine the effectiveness of a high volume training camp. High performance young adolescent kayakers (n=13, 8 males, 5 females, 15±1 yrs) participated in this study. Testing before and after the 3-4 week training camp included anthropometric measurements (height, sitting height, arm span, and body mass), strength (1-RM: bench press and bench pull), flexibility (sit and reach), and an incremental kayak ergometer test to determine peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and anaerobic threshold, and an open water K1000 time trial. K1000 time was significantly correlated with height (r=-0.81; p<0.01), sitting height (r=-0.85; p<0.01), arm span (r=-0.87; p<0.01), bench press (r=-0.92; p<0.01), bench pull (r=-0.85; p<0.01), VO2peak (r=-0.87; p<0.01) and anaerobic threshold (r=-0.83; p<0.05). Following the training camp there were no significant differences in body mass, strength, and VO2 peak, however, anaerobic threshold (33.6±6.2 to 42.3±8.8 ml•kg-1•min-1, p=0.001) and K1000 (302±44 to 289±31 sec, p=0.007) significantly improved. The results of this study suggest that K1000 performance in young adolescent kayakers appears to require a high aerobic and strength contribution and that a high volume training camp is effective for improving anaerobic threshold and performance.
Forbes†, Scott C.; Fuller†, Daniel L.; Krentz†, Joel R.; Little†, Jonathon P.; and Chilibeck‡, Phillip D.
"Anthropometric and physiological predictors of flat-water 1000 m kayak performance in young adolescents and the effectiveness of a high volume training camp.,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 2
, Article 4.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol2/iss2/4