International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 1031-1040, 2018. The purpose of the study was to determine if running economy was influenced by wearing maximal cushioning shoes vs. control (neutral cushioning) shoes. Participants (n=10, age=28.2±6.1yrs; mass=68.1±10.2 kg; height=170±6.1 cm) completed two experiments. Each experiment included running conditions wearing control and maximal cushioning shoes. In Experiment 1, participants ran on a treadmill at three speeds in each shoe condition (6 total conditions). The speeds were: 1) preferred speed, 2) preferred speed + 0.447 m·s-1, and 3) preferred speed - 0.447 m·s-1. In Experiment 2, participants ran on a treadmill at two inclines (0%, 6%) in each shoe condition (4 total conditions) at preferred speed. Experiments were conducted on separate days with Experiment 1 first. For all conditions, participants ran for 8-10 minutes while rate of oxygen consumption (VO2) was recorded. Average VO2 during steady state for each running condition was calculated. For Experiment 1, a 2 (shoe) x 3 (speed) repeated measures ANOVA (α=0.05) was used. For Experiment 2, a 2 (shoe) x 2 (incline) repeated measures ANOVA (α=0.05) was used. Rate of oxygen consumption was not influenced by the interaction of speed and shoe (p=0.108); VO2 was different between speeds (p<0.001), but not between shoes (p=0.071). Rate of oxygen consumption was not influenced by the interaction of incline and shoe (p=0.191); VO2 was greater for incline vs. level (p<0.001), but not different between shoes (p=0.095). It is concluded that a maximal cushioning running shoe did not influence running economy when compared to a control shoe (neutral cushioning running shoe).
Mercer, Miles A.; Stone, Tori M.; Young, John C.; and Mercer, John A.
"Running Economy While Running in Shoes Categorized as Maximal Cushioning,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 11
2, Pages 1031 - 1040.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol11/iss2/14