International Journal of Exercise Science 11(3): 1136-1144, 2018. The purpose was to determine if the Alu-insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism of the tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) gene influences the tPA response to maximal exercise. Fifty male subjects (age = 23.6 ± 4.7 yrs) completed a maximal treadmill exercise test. Blood samples were drawn before and immediately after exercise for determination of plasma tPA antigen and activity. Isolated DNA was amplified via polymerase chain reaction, electrophoresed, and visually amplified to determine tPA genotype. Subjects were classified as possessing the D allele (D) (n = 28) or being homozygous for the I allele (I) (n = 22). Differences in tPA antigen and activity were assessed using a two-factor (genotype and time) repeated measures analysis of variance. There were significant main effects for time for tPA antigen and activity (p < 0.05), but no main effect for genotype. Furthermore, there was no genotype x time interaction due to a similar increase in tPA antigen in the D group (pre-exercise = 5.83 + 2.39 ng/ml, post-exercise = 21.88 + 7.38 ng/ml) and the I group (pre-exercise = 5.61 + 2.82 ng/ml, post-exercise = 19.05 + 7.67 ng/ml) and a similar increase in tPA activity in the D group (pre-exercise = 0.39 ± 0.19 IU/ml, post-exercise = 9.73 ± 4.22 IU/ml) and I group (pre-exercise = 0.45 ± 0.29 IU/ml, post-exercise = 9.76 ± 5.50 IU/ml). The I/D polymorphism of the tPA gene does not influence the tPA antigen nor tPA activity responses to maximal exercise in healthy, young, sedentary males.
Coughlin, Adam M.
"The Influence of Tissue Plasminogen Activator I/D Polymorphism on the tPA Response to Exercise,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 11
3, Pages 1136 - 1144.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol11/iss3/10