Discrimination against Obese Exercise Clients: An Experimental Study of Personal Trainers
International Journal of Exercise Science 11(5): 116-128, 2018. The aim of the study was to compare exercise recommendations, attitudes, and behaviors of personal trainers toward clients of different weight statuses. Fifty-two personal trainers participated in the study. The data collection was organized into two phases. In phase one, trainers read a profile and watched the video displaying an interview of either an obese or an average-weight client. Profiles and video interviews were identical except for weight status. Then, trainers provided exercise recommendations and rated their attitude toward the client. In phase two, trainers personally met an obese or an average-weight mock client. Measures were duration and number of advices provided by the trainer to a question posed by the client and sitting distance between trainer and client. There were no significant differences in exercise intensity (p = .94), duration of first session (p = .65), and total exercise duration of first week (p = .76) prescribed to the obese and average-weight clients. The attitude of the personal trainers toward the obese client were not significantly different from the attitude of personal trainers toward the average-weight client (p = .58). The number of advices provided (p = .49), the duration of the answer (p = .55), and the distance personal trainers sat from the obese client (p = .68) were not significantly different from the behaviors displayed toward the average-weight client. Personal trainers did not discriminate against obese clients in professional settings.
Fontana, Fabio; Bopes, Jonathan; Bendixen, Seth; Speed, Tyler; George, Megan; and Mack, Mickey
"Discrimination against Obese Exercise Clients: An Experimental Study of Personal Trainers,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 11
5, Pages 116 - 128.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol11/iss5/3