Acute Effects of a Multi-Ingredient Pre-Workout Supplement On 5-KM Running Performance in Recreationally-Trained Athletes
International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 1045-1056, 2019. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of an acute dose of a multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement on 5-km running performance and subjective measures of fatigue. Twenty aerobically-trained, males (n= 10, mean ± SD = 80.8 ± 6.1 kg) and females (n= 10, 64.5 ± 6.6 kg) completed two 5-km running races for time in a double-blind, cross-over fashion. During the first session, subjects were randomly assigned to ingest the supplement or placebo 30 minutes prior to running a 5-km race. The supplement contained multiple ingredients including caffeine anhydrous (150 mg), beta alanine (1.6 g), and arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) (1.0 g). Subjects also completed a 5-point Likert scale (1 = low, 5 = high) questionnaire to determine feelings of fatigue immediately prior to ingesting the substance (baseline), 30 minutes post-ingestion (immediately pre-race), and 5 minutes post-race. For the second session, subjects ingested the opposite substance (supplement or placebo) and underwent the same testing procedures (including time of day) as the first session. The results indicated there was no significant (p> 0.05) difference in 5-km race time between the supplement (23.62 ± 2.08 min) and placebo (23.51 ± 1.97 min) conditions. For the feelings of fatigue, there were no significant condition x time interactions or main effects for condition, but there were main effects for time. These findings indicated that the pre-workout supplement provided no ergogenic effect on 5-km race time or subjective feelings of fatigue when administered on an acute basis in aerobically-trained individuals.
Lutsch, Daniel J.; Camic, Clayton L.; Jagim, Andrew R.; Johnston, Nora J.; and Musgjerd, Taylor L.
"Acute Effects of a Multi-Ingredient Pre-Workout Supplement On 5-KM Running Performance in Recreationally-Trained Athletes,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 12
2, Pages 1045 - 1056.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol12/iss2/23