International Journal of Exercise Science 12(3): 904-918, 2019. Functional Fitness Training (FFT) programs are characterized by utilizing a high volume of training and using a variety of high intensity exercises. While FFT are growing in the number of practitioners and popularity, the relationship between physiological biomarkers and subjective scales in the specific context of FFT has not yet been evaluated in the literature. The purpose of the present study was to monitor the time-course response of cytokines (IL-10 and 1L-1b), immune variables (C-reactive protein -CRP and immunoglobulin A-IgA), hormonal milieu (cortisol-C, total testosterone-TT, free testosterone-FT and testosterone/cortisol-T/C ratio), creatine kinase-CK, muscle performance (countermovement jump height) and perceived well-being (WB) following a functional fitness competition. Nine amateur male athletes (age 27.1 ± 4.1 years; training experience 2.2 ± 1.3 years) completed five workouts over three consecutive days of FFT-competition. All variables were measured before, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h following the last day of competition. The FFT-competition induced a decrease in IL10/IL1bratio approximately 5% after 24h, 21% after 48h and 31% after 72h. Delta T/C ratio remained unchanged during the post-competition period. IgA displayed a significant increase 24h and 72h post FFT-competition. The WB status score was higher 72h after the FFT-competition as compared with pre-competition. The present findings suggest that FFT-competition induces transient changes in some inflammatory and hormonal biomarkers, and perceived well-being seems to be efficient to detect changes in muscle performance.
Tibana, Ramires Alsamir; Prestes, Jonato; Sousa, Nuno Frade; de Souza, Vinicius C.; Nóbrega, Otávio de Tolêdo; Baffi, Matheus; Ferreira, Carlos Ernesto S.; Cunha, Gabriel Veloso; Navalta, James W.; Trombeta, Joice Cristina dos Santos; Cavaglieri, Cláudia R.; and Voltarelli, Fabrício Azevedo
"Time-Course of Changes in Physiological, Psychological and Performance markers Following a Functional-Fitness Competition,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 12
3, Pages 904 - 918.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol12/iss3/18