International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 667-676, 2020. Nitrate supplementation (NO3-) has been shown to improve athletic performance for short-duration, vigorous activity, as well as long-duration, aerobic activity. The purpose was to explore the effects of beetroot supplementation (BR) on high-intensity functional training (HIFT) performance. Twenty-four HIFT participants (25 ± 6.5 years, 175.17 ± 8.1 cm, 84.94 ± 12.09 kg), who attended HIFT classes at least 3 days per week for the past 3 months, performed a benchmark performance test (5 rounds of a 400-m run followed by 15 overhead squats with a 95-lb (for males)/65-lb (for females) barbell). In a randomized order, 72 hrs apart, participants were tested under a control session and once after consuming 70 mL beetroot nitrate supplement, Beet ItⓇ, 2 hours prior to beginning the assigned benchmark test. For both benchmark tests, time to completion, pre- and post-exercise blood lactate levels, RPE, and pre-, during, and post-exercising heart rates were measured. There was no significant difference (p < 0.05) between the control (930 ± 192.6 sec) and supplement (952.8 ± 205.8 sec) on time to complete the performance test. Post-exercise blood lactate (11.14 ± 2.84 mm/dL) was not significantly different (p < 0.05) than the control (12.00 ± 2.53 mm/dL). Additionally, mean RPE for BR supplement (14.78 ± 2.50) was not significantly different (p < 0.05) than the control (14.92 ± 2.12). The short duration and high intensity of the workout, which included both anaerobic and aerobic components, may have mitigated the cardiovascular effect of beetroot nitrates unlike previous research that found significant positive effects between beetroot nitrates and exercise performance.
Collins, Sean and Kearns, Danielle
"The Effect of Beetroot Supplementation on High-Intensity Functional Training Performance,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
2, Pages 667 - 676.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss2/19