Hydration Efficiency of a Protein Beverage Consumed in a Bolus vs. Metered Pattern during Recovery
International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 1476-1486, 2020. This study compared hydration efficiency of a carbohydrate-protein (CHO-PRO) beverage consumed in a bolus (BOL) vs. a metered (MET) drinking pattern during recovery from exercise induced hypohydration. Participants (n = 10) lost 2 - 2.5% of body mass from sweating during a morning exercise session. Participants were then assigned to either consume a carbohydrate/electrolyte/protein beverage in a bolus (BOL) or metered incremental consumption (MET) (counterbalanced) pattern post exercise. Total rehydration beverage administered during recovery equaled 125% of fluid lost during exercise. BOL was administered within the first hour of recovery, MET was administered 25% during the first 30 min, then 12.5% every 30 min for the next 4 hours. Mean (±SD) intake was 2475 ± 324 mL (MET) and 2525 ± 293 mL (BOL) (p = 0.22). Mean urine production was significantly greater for BOL (1167 ml ± 293 ml) than MET (730 ml ± 324 ml) (p = 0.003). Hydration efficiency (fluid ingested vs. fluid retained as percent) was significantly greater for MET (69.1 ± 15.4) than BOL (53.7 ± 9.7) (p = 0.004). Results indicate that, across a ~ 6-hour recovery, a metered drinking pattern improves fluid retention and therefore, hydration efficiency when a carbohydrate-protein beverage is consumed. More research is needed in paradigms characterized by unlimited fluid availability.
McBride, Chris; Boy, Tara; Green, Matt; O'Neal, Eric; and Renfroe, Lee
"Hydration Efficiency of a Protein Beverage Consumed in a Bolus vs. Metered Pattern during Recovery,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
2, Pages 1476 - 1486.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss2/26