International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 1756-1769, 2020. The purposes of this pilot study were to describe changes in breastmilk lipid content in response to an acute bout of moderate intensity exercise and to explore maternal metabolic health factors, including metabolic flexibility, which may impact this change. A cross-sectional, observational, pilot study design was performed in 14 women between 4 and 6 months postpartum. Whole body fasting lipid oxidation was assessed, a standardized high-fat breakfast was consumed, and lipid oxidation was again measured 120-minutes post-meal. Metabolic flexibility was determined by comparing the change in lipid oxidation before and after the meal. Women completed 30-minutes of moderate intensity treadmill walking 150-minutes post-meal. Breastmilk was expressed and analyzed for lipid content before and after exercise. Overall, there was no significant difference between pre- and post-exercise breastmilk lipid content (pre-exercise 59.4±36.1 g/L vs. post-exercise 52.5±20.7 g/L, p=0.26). However, five (36%) women had an increase in breastmilk lipid content in response to the exercise bout, compared to nine (64%) that had a decrease in breastmilk lipid content suggesting inter-individual variability. The change in breastmilk lipid content from pre- to post-exercise was positively correlated to metabolic flexibility (r=0.595, p=0.03). Additionally, post-exercise lipid content was positively correlated with body mass index (BMI), body composition, and postpartum weight retention. Preliminary findings from this pilot study suggest that metabolic flexibility and maternal weight status may help explain the inter-individual changes in breastmilk lipid content in response to an acute bout of moderate intensity exercise.
Maples, Jill M.; McCarley, Charlotte; Blankenship, Maire M.; Yoho, Kristin; Johnson, K.Paige; Fortner, Kimberly B.; and Tinius, Rachel A.
"Metabolic Flexibility and Weight Status May Contribute to Inter-Individual Changes in Breastmilk Lipid Content in Response to an Acute Bout of Exercise: Preliminary Findings from a Pilot Study,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
2, Pages 1756 - 1769.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss2/30