International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 1729-1740, 2020. Little is known about the physiological response to the cold pressor test (CPT) when in a clinically-induced state of autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalance, despite its utility in various disease- and injury-states. To date, research in this area is limited to acute aerobic and isometric exercise, with a paucity of research investigating the effects of anaerobic exercise on the physiological response to the CPT. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to assess the effects of the Wingate anaerobic cycle test (WAT) on cardiovascular (CV) and metabolic recovery following the CPT in a group of healthy adult males. A pre-post intervention study was conducted, whereby 10 healthy adult males (age = 29 ± 4 years, height = 182 ± 7 cm, mass = 83 ± 9 kg) completed a baseline cold pressor test (CPT-only) and a follow-up cold pressor test preceded by a Wingate anaerobic exercise test (WAT+CPT). Recovery slopes for various CV and metabolic variables, including heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), and relative oxygen consumption (O2) were analyzed using single-subject analysis, with celeration line slopes calculated for all participants in the CPT-only and WAT+CPT testing sessions. Celeration line slopes were compared between testing sessions using paired t-tests. No differences were identified for recovery slopes for HR (p = .295), diastolic BP (p = .300), and relative O2 (p= .176) when comparing CPT-only and WAT+CPT testing sessions. Our results suggest that the CPT elicits a CV and metabolic response beyond that elicited solely by an acute bout of anaerobic exercise. As such, the CPT may be able to serve as a surrogate test for anaerobic exercise for individuals where high-intensity exercise may be contraindicated. Future research is warranted however, as the specific physiological mechanisms governing the observed responses have yet to be elucidated.
Morissette, Marc P.; Cordingley, Dean M.; Duhamel, Todd A.; and Leiter, Jeff R. S.
"The Effects of Acute Anaerobic Exercise on the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Response to the Cold Pressor Test in Healthy Adult Males,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
3, Pages 1729 - 1740.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss3/22