International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 597-606, 2020. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of very high supervision (VHS-RT) versus high supervision (HS-RT) ratio resistance training (RT) on irisin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF), muscle strength, functional capacity, and body composition in elderly women. Participants performed daily undulating periodized RT over 16 weeks with two different supervision ratios: VHS-RT at 1:2 (supervisor/subject) or HS-RT at 1:5. Serum was used to analyze brain derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and irisin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Body composition was evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, while functional capacity was evaluated using the Six-minute walk test, and Timed Up and Go (TUG). One- repetition maximum (1RM) was determined for bench press and 45o leg press exercises. For both groups, no differences between baseline and post-training were identified for irisin and lean mass (p > 0.05). Both groups improved bench press 1-RM, 45o leg press 1-RM, and TUG (p < 0.05). The VHS-RT group displayed higher effect sizes for 1-RM tests. Moreover, only VHS-RT group reduced body fat and body fat percentage (p < 0.05). In contrast, the HS-RT increased BDNF (p < 0.01). In this sense, RT enhances muscle strength and functional capacity in elderly women independent of supervision ratio. A greater supervision ratio during RT may induce more improvements in muscle strength, and body composition than lower supervision ratio during RT.
Vieira, Denis Cesar Leite; da Cunha Nascimento, Dahan; Tajra, Vitor; Teixeira, Tatiane Gomes; Farias, Darlan Lopes de; Tibana, Ramires; Silva, Alessandro Oliveira; Rosa, Thiago Santos; Moraes, Milton Rocha; Voltarelli, Fabrício Azevedo; Navalta, James W.; and Prestes, Jonato
"High Supervised Resistance Training in Elderly Women: The Role of Supervision Ratio,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
3, Pages 597 - 606.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss3/6