International Journal of Exercise Science 13(7): 1063-1071, 2020. Previous research has consistently demonstrated that regular exercise promotes antioxidant production and decreases the expression of inflammation markers. However, there is very little research examining the effects of intermittent fasting (IF) on oxidative stress and inflammation. The present study investigated the hypothesis that a combination of IF and physical activity will reduce the need for glutathione (GSH) production by decreasing oxidative stress. In addition, it was hypothesized that a combination of IF and physical activity will significantly reduce inflammation, as indicated by a decrease in interleukin-1b (IL-1b) concentration. For three months, subjects practicing IF (n=7) ate only during an eight-hour window each day and fasted for the next 16 hours. A standard diet control group (n=18) maintained a normal, balanced diet spread out over the course of 14-18 hours each day. Based on data obtained from fitness-tracking devices, subjects were placed into one of three activity level groups: minimum, moderate, and maximum physical activity. Subjects provided fasting saliva samples monthly. The samples were subjected to a glutathione microplate assay and an interleukin ELISA test to determine salivary concentrations of GSH and IL-1b, respectively. For GSH concentration, there were no significant differences between the diets at any physical activity level. However, moderate to maximum physical activity, in conjunction with fasting, led to significant decreases in IL-1b concentration. In summary, results suggest that a combination of moderate physical activity and intermittent fasting promotes the maintenance of antioxidant function while inhibiting the inflammatory process.
Allen, Colton; Sellers, Brandon; Smith, Mackinzie; Edwards, Alyssa; Gateless, Kirsten; Aab, Bailey; Sherrard, Kalee; Bolyard, Carl; and Stover, Shawn
"Effects of Intermittent Fasting and Physical Activity on Salivary Expression of Reduced Glutathione and Interleukin-1b,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 13
7, Pages 1063 - 1071.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol13/iss7/4