Comparison of the Three-Site and Seven-Site Measurements in Female Collegiate Athletes Using BodyMetrix
International Journal of Exercise Science 14(4): 230-238, 2021. One method to measure body composition that is gaining popularity is the BodyMetrix™, which uses A-mode ultrasound. A-mode ultrasound, when used with the BodyMetrix™, has been found to be a reliable and a cost-effective tool for measuring overall body fat percentage. Furthermore, the portability and short duration testing features of the BodyMetrix™, allows for testing of a large group of athletes inside or outside of a clinical setting. Despite these advantages, research regarding the BodyMetrix™ is limited and has primarily focused on the seven-site testing technique. However, the three-site technique allows for faster testing and a reduction of time needed to test an entire team or multiple sports teams. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the three-site and seven-site methods using the BodyMetrix™ to determine body fat percentage in female collegiate athletes. It was hypothesized that body fat percentage determined via the seven-site method would be different from those obtained by three-site measurement technique. Study participants included 40 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division-II female athletes from volleyball, soccer, and softball teams. The Jackson Pollock three-site (thigh, suprailiac, triceps) and seven-site (thigh, suprailiac, triceps, abdominal, subscapular, chest, and axilla) equations were used to determine body fat percentage values. The time required to perform the three-site and seven-site measurements were also recorded. A paired samples t-test was used to assess if there was a difference between the three-site and the seven-site body fat percentage measurements with the use of the BodyMetrix™ . The three-site method (23.21 ± 3.61) was significantly lower (p < 0.001) compared to the seven- site method (25.75 ± 4.39). On average, the three-site technique took 2 minutes and 13 seconds less than the seven-site technique.
Elsey, Amanda M.; Lowe, Alister K.; Cornell, Ashley N.; Whitehead, Paul N.; and Conners, Ryan T.
"Comparison of the Three-Site and Seven-Site Measurements in Female Collegiate Athletes Using BodyMetrix,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 14
4, Pages 230 - 238.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol14/iss4/2