Other Subject Area

Motor Control


International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1472-1480, 2022. Non-invasive brain stimulation has been prominent in recent neurophysiology research. The use of brain stimulation has not been examined in combination with the focus of attention paradigm, an established motor control tool. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of both brain stimulation and focus of attention on the outcome performance, peak force, lower extremity joint kinematics, and projection angle of a standing long jump. Forty-one participants were assigned to either the brain stimulation group or placebo group via a counterbalance design based on leg length and jump distance. Participants were only accepted if they had not previously trained in the standing long jump. On a second day, participants performed a standing long jump under control, external, and internal attentional foci after having undergone either a single session of brain stimulation or a placebo warm-up. Five total jumps were performed: one baseline jump followed by two for each attentional focus condition. The results indicated that an external focus of attention and control conditions created a reduced projection angle compared to an internal focus of attention and that brain stimulation did not have any effects on the performance of a standing long jump after a single session. There were no changes evident between hip, knee, and ankle joint angles, force production, or jump distance between any of the conditions or groups.