International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 166-176, 2022. This study aimed to evaluate the difference in heart rate and core temperature during aerobic exercise between two forms of dehydration: exercise-induced (EI) and fluid restricted (FR). Twenty-two subjects (N = 22; 83.35 ± 13.92 kg) completed the current study, performing a familiarization session, a pre-experimental exercise session, and two exercise testing sessions. The EI exercise trial (81.52 ± 13.72 kg) was conducted after performing exercise in a hot environment to lose three to four percent of body weight and partial rehydration. The FR exercise trial (81.53 ± 14.14 kg) was completed after 12 hours of fluid restriction. During both exercise sessions, subjects pedaled against a set resistance of 130 watts for 30 minutes. The main effect of hydration on Tc was significant, F(1, 18) = 4.474, p = .049, ηp2 = .199 (Figure 2) with core temperature being greater during the FR trial compared to the EI trial (FR = 37.58 ± .06°C vs. EI = 37.31 ± .11°C). No significant interaction was found between hydration and time for HR, F(2, 42) = 0.120, p = .887, ηp2 = .006. The main effect of time on HR was significant, F(2, 42) = 119.664, p < .001, ηp2 = .851. Fluid restriction was associated with an increase in core temperature. An increased core temperature may negatively influence performance, and care should be taken to ensure proper hydration.
Sansone, Jessica E.; Guyer, Mary S.; Mullin, Elizabeth M.; and Thompson, Brian
"Fluid Restriction Dehydration Increase Core Temperature During Endurance Exercise Compared to Exercise Induced Dehydration,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 15
2, Pages 166 - 176.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol15/iss2/3