International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 808-819, 2022. The purpose of the study was to examine and evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors in college students including their nutritional and social choices and how those choices related to their cardiovascular health. A descriptive, cross-sectional study of 148 college students, obtaining their blood pressure, body mass index, fasting lipid panel, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c, serum cotinine levels, physical activity, alcohol consumption, and dietary habits. A high prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors was found: 23.8% were current or past smokers with more male than female smokers (p = .009); 65.5% consumed alcoholic beverages; 13.5% had elevated blood pressure; 25.7% had hypertension stage I; 3.4% had hypertension stage II; 36.5% were overweight while 19.9% were obese; 14.2% had prediabetes and 2% had diabetes; and 40.5% had borderline high cholesterol levels while 3.4% had hyperlipidemia. Elevated blood pressure and hypertension were most prevalent between the ages of 18 and 23 years and among males (p = .001). The top three risk factor co-occurrences were overweight and drinking alcohol (33.78%), followed by family history of heart disease and drinks alcohol (27.70%), and overweight and history of heart disease (25.68%). Of the 148 participants, 108 of them had at least two cardiovascular risk factors. The results of this study indicate that college students participate in risky behaviors that predispose them to develop CVD in the future.
Tran, Dieu-My T.; Silvestri-Elmore, Angela E.; and Sojobi, Angela
"Lifestyle Choices and Risk of Developing Cardiovascular Disease in College Students,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 15
2, Pages 808 - 819.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol15/iss2/9