Other Subject Area

exercise therapy


International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 962-973, 2022. Background: Stabilizing exercises reduce pain intensity, improves shoulder position and scapular function, and provides an appropriate strategy for the improvement of scapular dyskinesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of six weeks of stability exercises (stretching-strengthening) on joint proprioception, strength, and range of motion of the glenohumeral joint in female tennis players with scapular dyskinesia. Methods: Thirty-six female elite tennis players with scapular dyskinesia in both experimental and control groups participated in this study. Goniometer, Isokinetic and Biodex devices were used to evaluate the range of motion, internal and external rotation strength in 60° and 180°, and joint proprioception at 45° and 60°, respectively. Also, the lateral scapular slide test (LSST) was used to evaluate the scapulohumeral rhythm. For analyzing dependent variables and determining statistical significance the ANCOVA and an alpha of 5% was used. Results: The results of this study indicated the effect of the stability exercise program on the range of motion of internal (p = 0.016) and external (p = 0.023) rotation of the shoulder. Also, significant differences were observed between the control and training groups for internal rotation strength 60° (p = 0.013), 180° (p = 0.017) and external rotation strength 60° (p = 0.005), 180° (p = 0.045) and strength ratio 60° (p = 0.001) and 180° (p = 0.023). However, there were no significant differences for proprioception. Conclusion: In general, the findings of this study support the effectiveness of exercise therapy as a safe intervention for improving scapular function in tennis players with scapular dyskinesia.