Other Subject Area

Oncology & Cancer Rehabilitation


International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1444-1456, 2022. Phase angle (PhA) is an index of cell membrane integrity and prognostic indicator of survival and quality of life in cancer survivors. The efficacy of exercise-based cancer rehabilitation programs (ExCR) on PhA is unknown. To assess the effect of ExCR on PhA in breast cancer survivors. Fifty-nine female breast cancer survivors (61 ± 9 years) were referred to the ExCR by their oncologist and participated in one-on-one exercise-based training for 90 minutes, 3 times a week, for 12 weeks. Training sessions included 45 minutes of resistance training at intensities between 40-85% of 1-repetition maximum with a rate of perceived exertion (RPE) between 3-8, 30 minutes of cardiorespiratory training at intensities between 40-85% of heart rate reserve with an RPE between 3-8, and 15 minutes of flexibility training. Participants completed pre- and post-measurements of body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular endurance, muscular strength, and PhA (Inbody 770). PhA significantly increased (p < 0.05) after ExCR (PhApre = 4.56; PhApost = 4.64; Δ = 1.8%). Changes in measures of muscular strength have a weak but significant positive relationship (r = 0.20-0.39; p < 0.05) with changes in PhA. There was no relationship between changes in PhA and changes in cardiorespiratory endurance or muscular endurance. A 12-week ExCR significantly improves PhA in breast cancer survivors. Training muscular strength may be an integral component of ExCR with the objective of improving PhA.