International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1528-1537, 2022. This study aimed to investigate the effect of biomarkers of oxidative stress (OS) in 8-isoprostane (8-iso) and 8-hydroxy-2'–deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) on mild cognitive impairment (MCI) during a 12-week Ruesi Dadton (RD) exercise. A total of 274 enrolled participants were classified into blocks based on age and formal educational years, and randomly assigned into two groups: RD and control (CON). The participants’ cognitive functions were tested using Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores to screen for MCI. Urine samples of approximately 30 mL were collected from both groups pre- and post-intervention. All participants signed consent forms before participating in the program. Participants in the RD group were instructed to perform 15 postures of RD exercise in 60 min, three times a week for 12 weeks. A 2 x 2 (group x time) repeated multivariate analysis, with MoCA score, 8-iso, and 8-OH-dG as covariates, was performed to analyze the between-subject differences across group [V = 0.143, F(2,60) = 5.020, p = 0.010, d = 0.209] and within-subject differences across interaction between group [V = 0.143, F(2,60) = 5.020, p = 0.010, d = 0.408]. There were significant differences from univariate data regarding both 8-iso (F1,61 = 10.081, P = 0.002, d = 0.406) and 8-OH-dG (F(1,61) = 5.965, P = 0.018, d = 0.312) levels. Moreover, results from both biomarkers in the RD group revealed significant improvements in 8-iso (p < 0.001) and 8-OH-dG (p = 0.003), whereas there were no improvements in the CON group. In conclusion, RD decreased biomarkers of OS during 12 weeks of RD exercise in MCI. These results indicate that in MCI, RD could improve lipid peroxidation and DNA oxidation by 8-iso and 8-OH-dG, respectively.
Khanthong, Phaksachiphon; Dechakhamphu, Ananya; Sriyakul, Kusuma; Krajarng, Aungkana; Kamalashiran, Chuntida; and Tungsukruthai, Parunkul
"Effects of Oxidative Damage during Ruesi Dadton Exercise in Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 15
3, Pages 1528 - 1537.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol15/iss3/21