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Abstract

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 733-746, 2022. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two different exercise training programs periodization on anthropometric and functional parameters in people living with HIV (PLHIV). This was a randomized clinical trial that involved participants (n = 31) living with HIV aged over 18 years and undergoing antiretroviral therapy which were randomized to periodized exercise training (PET; n = 13), non-periodized exercise training (NPET; n = 13), or control group (CON; n = 15). The PET and NPET groups performed 12 weeks of combined training while the CON group maintained the usual activities. Before and after 12 weeks of intervention were measured body composition and perimeters, muscle strength, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) test time. Results: The PET and NPET groups increased fat-free mass (p < 0,001), right (p < 0,001) and left thigh perimeter (p < 0,001), muscle strength (p < 0,001), handgrip force (p < 0,001), and reduced the fat mass (p < 0,001), neck perimeter (p < 0,001), chair stand (p < 0,001), and time-up and go test time (p < 0,001) compared to CON. Furthermore, PET was significantly different to increase right thigh and muscle strength (p < 0,05) compared to NPET. Conclusion: Both exercise training periodization protocols were effective to improve body composition and functional outcomes; however, seems that PET presents better results compare to NPET in PLHIV.

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