International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1262-1273, 2022. Treadmills are utilized as a training tool to improve aerobic fitness, but precise understanding of intensity and the corresponding physiological strain is critical for optimizing exercise prescription and associated adaptations. Running on non-motorized, curved treadmills may result in greater oxygen uptake (VO2), increased heart rate (HR), and increased rating of perceived exertion (RPE) compared to traditional motorized treadmills. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological responses on non-motorized versus traditional motorized treadmills during speed-matched running. Participants were 4 college-aged, recreationally active females. HR, VO2, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and RPE were monitored during 3 speed-matched stages of incremental exercise in two conditions: the non-motorized Assault AirRunner and a traditional motorized treadmill, as well as for 5 minutes post-exercise. VO2, RER, and HR were greater in the Assault condition (ESVO2 = 0.998, ESRER = 0.839, ESHR = 0.972, p < 0.05). While not significant between groups, RPE showed a greater increase with increasing speeds in the Assault condition (ES = 0.728), as did RER (ES = 0.800, p < 0.05). Cumulative excess-post exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) during a five-minute period post-exercise was also greater in the Assault condition, and HR and RER remained higher five minutes post-exercise in the Assault condition (ESEPOC = 0.738, ESHR = 1.600, ESRER = 2.075, p < 0.05). The Assault AirRunner elicited greater physiological responses (VO2, carbohydrate usage, and HR) in response to speed-matched running in comparison to a traditional motorized treadmill in active college-aged females. Collectively, aerobic exercise conducted on the Assault AirRunner has a greater physiological and perceived intensity and need to be taken into consideration when designing and implementing training programs or testing.
Morrow, Noelle; Mitchell, Kayla; Weighart, Hannah; Alonzo, Diana; and Ives, Stephen
"Physiological Responses to Speed-Matched Running on Non-Motorized Assault AirRunner versus Traditional Treadmills in Active Females: A Pilot Study,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 15
4, Pages 1262 - 1273.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol15/iss4/28