International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1326-1346, 2022. This study compared an expert supervised, fully resourced physical training (PT) program compared to a traditional physical training PT plan on Army Officer Candidate School (OSC) soldier fitness outcomes. This retrospective cohort study compared 228 OCS soldiers (179 male [26.74±3.78 years] and 49 female [26.55±4.18 years]) in two companies for 12 weeks. One company participated in a fully resourced PT program designed by fitness experts to improve overall fitness and mobility (TAP-C). One company participated in traditional physical training designed to excel on the Army combat fitness test (ACFT, includes deadlift, power throw, push up, sprint-drag-carry, core strength, run) developed and led by OCS soldiers with standard resources. We assessed performance on the ACFT events, and grip strength, standing broad jump, overhead squat, and 90/90 switch assessment. Analysis of covariance was used to compare main effects of company on ACFT measures, controlling for covariates of pretest score differences and sex. Results included a significant effect of group on ACFT performance (N=228), F(1, 223) = 12.8, p<0.001 and on performance of five of the six ACFT events: MDL, F(1, 223) = 5.44, p = 0.021; HRP, F(1, 223) = 11.67, p < 0.001; SDC, F(1, 223) = 20.06, p < 0.001; LTK, F(1, 223) = 16.95, p < 0.001; and 2MR, F(1, 223) = 23.76, p < 0.001. The traditional company performed significantly better on ACFT muscular, anerobic and aerobic endurance focused events; the TAP-C company performed significantly better on muscular strength/explosive power events and mobility assessments.
Parks, Aaron G.; Murrah, William H.; Weimar, Wendi H.; McHenry, Paige A.; Bigham, Donald; Giordano, Kkevin; and Sefton, JoEllen M.
"Impact of Two Types of Fitness Programs on Soldier Physical Fitness,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 15
4, Pages 1326 - 1346.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol15/iss4/30