International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 686-701, 2022. Montmorency Cherry Juice (MCJ) may improve acute exercise recovery by attenuating inflammation and oxidative stress. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of MCJ on monocyte responses following resistance exercise have not been explored. Seven resistance-trained males (age: 22.9 ± 4.1 yrs; height: 1.8 ± 0.1 m; weight: 81.7 ± 13.2 kg) participated in this study. Participants completed a placebo-controlled crossover design, drinking either MCJ or placebo beverages, 7 days prior to completing an acute bout of unilateral resistance exercise. Statistical significance was assessed using a within-subjects repeated measures ANOVA; alpha level p ≤ 0.05. Main effects for time were observed for changes in classical and intermediate monocytes (p ≤ 0.05), but no significant treatment effects were observed for monocyte subtypes p > 0.05. Classical monocytes (CD14+ CD16-) increased and peaked 24 hr post-exercise (placebo 1.14 ± 0.04 and MCJ 1.06 ± 0.06-fold). Intermediate monocytes peaked 48 hr post-exercise increasing 1.82 ± 0.41 and 2.01 ± 0.80-fold. Nonclassical monocytes peaked post-exercise (placebo 1.17 ± 0.31 and MCJ 1.02 ± 0.20-fold). Peak pain visual analog scale (VAS) occurred post-exercise for MCJ (3.63 ± 2.01-fold) and 72 hr post-exercise for placebo (4.26 ± 3.46-fold). IL-6 and pressure pain threshold (PPT) peaked 24 hr post-exercise (IL-6 placebo 3.83 ± 1.01- and MCJ 6.43 ± 3.43-fold) and (PPT placebo 86.37 ± 3.95% and MCJ 82.81 ± 2.90% of pressure needed at pre-exercise). Our data suggests MCJ consumption does not decrease muscle soreness, IL-6, or monocyte subset responses following a high-intensity resistance exercise protocol in resistance-trained males.
Drummer, Devin; Pritchett, Kelly; Many, Gina M.; Dondji, Blaise; Connor, Kathleen; Tesfaye, Jerusalem; Young, Mark; and Pritchett, Robert C.
"Montmorency Cherry Juice Consumption does not Improve Muscle Soreness or Inhibit Pro-inflammatory Monocyte Responses Following an Acute Bout of Whole-body Resistance Training.,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 15
6, Pages 686 - 701.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol15/iss6/10