Other Subject Area

Technology, Epidemiology, and Physical Activity


International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 585-598, 2022. To examine the associations between bone mineral density (BMD), body composition and habitual physical activity in women who are overweight/obese. We measured whole-body bone, and body composition (lean mass, fat mass, and total fat percent) via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (model General Electric Lunar whole-body scanner) in a diverse group of women (N=48, age 26.6+/-4.7 years, 63% Black) living in an urban setting. The relations between BMD with total fat percent [%]), lean mass (kg), fat mass (kg), and physical activity were examined using Pearson correlations and multiple linear regression models, adjusted for race, age, and dietary calcium. BMD was positively correlated with lean mass (r=0.43, p=0.002) and negatively correlated with total fat percentage (r=-0.31, p=0.03). Multiple linear regression models indicated BMD was positively associated with lean mass (β: 0.007, p<0.001), and negatively associated with fat mass (kg) and total fat percentage (β: -0.003, p=0.03; β: -0.004, p=0.03, respectively). When stratified by race, these relations were maintained in white women but only lean mass in Black women. When stratified by age, the positive correlation between BMD and lean mass was significant in younger women (<30y) only. There were no significant relationships between BMD and any physical activity measures. Our results indicate that in young women who are overweight/obese BMD is significantly associated with body composition, both lean mass and total fat percentage, but not habitual physical activity. An emphasis on lean mass accrual may be valuable for young women, particularly Black women, to improve bone health.