Shoulder Muscle Activity While Swimming in Different Wetsuits and Across Different Paces
International Journal of Exercise Science 16(1): 172-181, 2023. A triathlon wetsuit is an important piece of equipment during the swim portion of the triathlon for the benefits of thermoregulation and additional buoyancy. However, a lack of knowledge exists about whether or not shoulder muscle activity is influenced by wearing a wetsuit. The purpose of this study was to determine if there were changes in shoulder muscle activity during front crawl with four different wetsuit conditions: Full sleeve (FSW), Sleeveless (SLW), Buoyancy shorts (BS), No wetsuit (NWS) in three different subjective swimming paces (slow, medium, and fast). Eight subjects (5 males, 3 females: mean ± SD, age = 39.1 ± 12.5 years; height = 1.8 ± 0.1 m; mass = 74.6 ± 12.9 kg; percent body fat = 19.0 ± 7.8%) completed twelve total swim conditions (4 wetsuits x 3 swimming pace) in a 25-m indoor pool. Muscle activity in anterior deltoid (AD) and posterior deltoid (PD) were measured using a wireless waterproofed electromyography (EMG) system. Stroke rate (SR) was calculated using the time to complete five-stroke cycles. The AD, PD EMG, and SR were compared using ANOVA with repeated measures. None of the dependent variables showed the interaction between wetsuit conditions and swimming paces (p > 0.05). Both AD and PD muscle activity as well as SR were influenced by swimming pace (p < 0.05) but not wetsuit conditions (p > 0.05). In conclusion, shoulder muscle activity and SR were not influenced by types of wetsuits but influenced by swimming pace.
LIm, Boram; Swafford, Alina P.; Conroy, Katelyn E.; and Mercer, John A.
"Shoulder Muscle Activity While Swimming in Different Wetsuits and Across Different Paces,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 16
1, Pages 172 - 181.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol16/iss1/2