Anthropometric Predictors of Conventional Deadlift Kinematics and Kinetics: A Preliminary Study
International Journal of Exercise Science 16(1): 429-447, 2023. The purpose of this preliminary analysis was to determine if there are relationships between anthropometric characteristics (arm length, torso length, thigh length, and shank length) and conventional deadlift (CDL) kinematics and kinetics during a 5 sets of 5 repetitions (5 x 5) CDL routine in resistance-trained males. Eleven males who had experience with the deadlift exercise were included in this analysis (age: 21.5 ± 1.4 y; height: 180.7 ± 5.7 cm; body mass: 89.9 ± 16.0 kg). Anthropometrics were measured by a 3-dimensional optical scanner. The participants underwent a 5 x 5 CDL workout using a self-selected load corresponding to a rating of perceived exertion (RPE) of 8 out of 10. Performance outcomes were measured synchronously using a 3-dimensional 12-camera motion capture system and two force platforms. Outcomes were averaged across all sets and analyzed using multiple linear regression. The selected anthropometric variables were not significantly related to the CDL performance outcomes, except for concentric ankle work. However, in the overall model, anthropometric predictors did not significantly predict ankle concentric work (p = 0.11; R² = 0.67; R²adj = 0.45). Independently, thigh length significantly correlated with ankle concentric work (p = 0.03). In this model, thigh length accounted for 55% of the normalized variance in ankle concentric work. The results from this preliminary study suggest that arm length, torso length, and shank length may not play a clear role in the examined CDL outcomes, but thigh length may be positively correlated with ankle concentric work during a 5 x 5 CDL routine in resistance-trained males.
Keith, Dale S.; Scherrer, Daniel; Nunley, Brandon; Boykin, Jake R.; Green, Jacob J.; Siedler, Madelin R.; Rodriguez, Christian; Harty, Patrick S.; Stratton, Matthew T.; Harry, John R.; and Tinsley, Grant M.
"Anthropometric Predictors of Conventional Deadlift Kinematics and Kinetics: A Preliminary Study,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 16
1, Pages 429 - 447.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol16/iss1/5