International Journal of Exercise Science 16(1): 942-953, 2023. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of simulated changes in body mass on lower extremity joint work and relative joint contributions during stair descent. Ten healthy recreationally active college-age participants performed five stair descent trials in each of five loading conditions: no added load and with an additional 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of their body weight. Three-dimensional ankle, knee and hip joint powers were calculated using a six degree-of-freedom model in Visual3D (C-Motion Inc., Germantown, MD, USA). Sagittal plane joint work was calculated as the joint power curve integrated with respect to time during the period between initial contact and toe off. Prism 9.0 (GraphPad Inc., San Diego, CA) was used to perform univariate 1 x 5 repeated measures analyses of variance to determine the effect of added mass on absolute and relative joint work values for total and for each lower extremity joint independently. Increasing added mass was associated with greater total lower extremity negative work during the stair descent task (p < 0.001). At the ankle, increasing added mass was associated with increasing magnitudes of negative joint work. Increasing added mass was associated with greater relative contributions of the ankle and reduced knee contributions to total negative lower extremity joint work (p = 0.014 and p = 0.006). The current findings demonstrated increases in ankle joint contributions to total lower extremity work while knee joint contributions to total lower extremity work were reduced in response to increasing added mass.
Nelson, Alexis; Fong, Hailey; Carnall, Alex; Puppa, Melissa J.; Beeler, Derek; Stickley, Cris; Mihalko, William M.; and Powell, Douglas W.
"Increasing Trunk Mass Evokes Lower Extremity Biomechanical Plasticity during Stair Descent,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 16
1, Pages 942 - 953.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol16/iss1/7