International Journal of Exercise Science 16(2): 525-537, 2023. Non-linear analyzes such as Approximated Entropy (ApEn) and Sample Entropy (SampEn) could show the adaptability of the autonomic nervous system in relation to the dynamic changes caused by exercise. The aims of the study were: a) Investigate the effects of different Self-Selected based Interval Exercises (SSIE) configurations on Heart Rate (HR) entropy; b) Determine whether the stimuli time promote different entropy responses; c) Observe whether exercises with passive self-selected recovery time (SSRT) promote different HR entropy responses compared to those with imposed time and active recovery; and d) Determine whether post-training entropy responses quickly return to baseline. Fifteen older women were randomized to perform six sessions of SSIE and one session of Self-Selected Continuous Exercise (SSCE), with approximately 24 min duration each. The results showed increases on ApEn during the exercises compared to the moments of rest Pre (p < 0.001), Post 6 min (p = 0.003) and Post 12 min (p < 0.001). Results demonstrated that interval exercises (IE) with SSRT, present lower values of ApEn and SampEn regarding the continuous activity (p < 0.05). It was also observed that the entropy values after training returned quickly to levels close to those of pre-exercise rest with a tendency to decrease more pronounced for the continuous. The SSIE were able to promote greater complexity in the HR entropy of older women, allowing greater stabilization of the cardiovascular system, including after training.
Santos, Lucas E. R.; Dames, Karla K.; de OIliveira, Edilaine S. D.; Fernades, Matheus S. S.; Filgueira, Tayrine O.; Mesquita, Bruna M. S.; de Souza, Catarina F. C. X. M.; Lattari, Eduardo; and Santos, Tony M.
"Entropy of Heart Rate on Self-Selected Interval Exercises in Older Women,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 16
2, Pages 525 - 537.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol16/iss2/11