Acute Blood Flow Responses to Varying Blood Flow Restriction Pressures in the Lower Limbs
International Journal of Exercise Science 16(2): 118-128, 2023. The purpose of this study was to investigate lower limb blood flow responses under varying blood flow restriction (BFR) pressures based on individualized limb occlusion pressures (LOP) using a commonly used occlusion device. Twenty-nine participants (65.5% female, 23.8 ± 4.7 years) volunteered for this study. An 11.5cm tourniquet was placed around participants’ right proximal thigh, followed by an automated LOP measurement (207.1 ± 29.4mmHg). Doppler ultrasound was used to assess posterior tibial artery blood flow at rest, followed by 10% increments of LOP (10-90% LOP) in a randomized order. All data were collected during a single 90-minute laboratory visit. Friedman’s and one-way repeated-measures ANOVAs were used to examine potential differences in vessel diameter, volumetric blood flow (VolFlow), and reduction in VolFlow relative to rest (%Rel) between relative pressures. No differences in vessel diameter were observed between rest and all relative pressures (all p < .05). Significant reductions from rest in VolFlow and %Rel were first observed at 50% LOP and 40% LOP, respectively. VolFlow at 80% LOP, a commonly used occlusion pressure in the legs, was not significantly different from 60% (p = .88), 70% (p = .20), or 90% (p = 1.00) LOP. Findings indicate a minimal threshold pressure of 50%LOP may be required to elicit a significant decrease in arterial blood flow at rest when utilizing the 11.5cm Delfi PTSII tourniquet system.
Hornikel, Bjoern; Saffold, Keith S.; Mota, Jacob A.; Esco, Michael R.; Fedewa, Michael V.; Wind, Stefanie A.; and Winchester, Lee J.
"Acute Blood Flow Responses to Varying Blood Flow Restriction Pressures in the Lower Limbs,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 16
2, Pages 118 - 128.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol16/iss2/2